Philosophy Self-Assessment Questions

Chapter 1 Self-Assessment

 

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1. A question-and-answer dialogue in which propositions are methodically scrutinized to uncover the truth is known as

 

A) an argument.

B) the Socratic method.

C) the Socratic jest.

D) a debate.

 

2. If you assume that a set of statements is true, and yet you can deduce a false or absurd statement from it, then the original set of statements as a whole must be false. This kind of argument is known as

 

A) modus tollens.

B) modus ponens.

C) hypothetical syllogism.

D) reductio ad absurdum.

 

3. The famous statement “An unexamined life is not worth living”€ is attributed to

A) Aristotle.

B) John Locke.

C) Socrates.

D) Plato.

 

4. The study of value in the broadest sense (moral, aesthetic, etc.) is known as

A) metaphysics.

B) epistemology.

C) quantum physics.

D) axiology.

 

5. According to Socrates, a clear sign that a person has __________ is her exclusive pursuit of social status, wealth, power, and pleasure.

 

A) philosophical ambition

B) worldly wisdom

C) exceptional desires

D) an unhealthy soul

 

6. In an argument, the statement being supported is the conclusion, and the statements supporting the conclusion are the

 

A) middle statement.

B) premises.

C) persuaders.

D) substatements.

 

7. Words such as consequently, therefore, and as a result are

 

A) premise indicator words.

B) conclusion indicator words.

C) statements.

D) persuaders.

 

8. Arguments intended to give logically conclusive support to their conclusions so that if the premises are true, the conclusion must be true are

 

A) deductive.

B) inductive.

C) explanatory.

D) cogent.

 

9. The renowned philosopher who lived and worked in the Greek city of Alexandria in the fifth century was

 

A) Hypatia.

B) Philippa.

C) Avicenna.

D) Anselm.

 

10. The fallacy of misrepresenting a person’s views so they can be more easily attacked or dismissed is called the

 

A) appeal to popularity.

B) fallacy of equivocation.

C) genetic fallacy.

D) straw man fallacy.

 

11. The fallacy of rejecting a statement on the grounds that it comes from a particular person is known as

 

A) appeal to ignorance.

B) equivocation.

C) false dilemma.

D) appeal to the person.

 

12. The fallacy of arguing that a claim must be true simply because many people believe it is known as

 

A) the appeal to popularity.

B) the fallacy of equivocation.

C) the genetic fallacy.

D) begging the question.

 

13. The fallacy of __________ is trying to prove a conclusion by using that very same conclusion as support.

 

A) equivocation

B) composition

C) false dilemma

D) begging the question

 

14. True or False? Aristotle said, “An unexamined life is not worth living”

 

True

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